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Biochemistry in the medical technology industry

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Biochemistry in the medical technology industry

Biochemistry

The term "biochemistry" describes teaching about the chemical foundations of biological processes and functions. Biochemistry, formerly physiological chemistry (Greek biochemistry, life chemistry), is the study of biochemical processes. She works on the boundaries or overlapping areas between chemistry, biology and physiology. In this process, the focus is on the substance group of nucleic acids, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and their derivatives, which are often referred to as biomolecules. The most important biochemical processes take place in organisms and therefore take place in an aqueous environment. A large number of methods from different areas are used in biochemistry. Classical biochemistry mainly uses analytical chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and physics. Important techniques include centrifugation, chromatography, electrophoresis, spectroscopy, isotope technology, crystallization, potentiometry, electrometric method, polarography and pressure measurement techniques. Molecular biological methods and methods from computer science, microbiology and other disciplines have also been added in the last few decades. In addition, mathematical methods are always used in modern biochemistry to evaluate the results quantitatively. Since the beginning of the 19th century, biochemistry has evolved from biology, chemistry and medical physiology and has been closely linked to genetics and cell biology from the beginning. These sciences continue to advance hand in hand, and their boundaries greatly overlap.

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