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Diagnostic-Products in the medical technology industry

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Diagnostic-Products in the medical technology industry

Diagnostic-Products

Diagnosis is understood to mean the entirety of all measures that lead to the detection of diseases (diagnosis). Diagnosis includes procedures such as recall, physical exam, and other engineering exams, as well as analysis of body tissues and excretions. An important aspect of medical work is the targeted and appropriate use of diagnostic methods. Ideally, the diagnosis can be carried out with the least expenditure of time and resources. In day-to-day clinical practice - especially when symptoms are unclear - diagnostic measures are usually not targeted, which can lead to high costs and overdiagnosis. Conversely, the disease can be ignored if the depth of the investigation is insufficient (underdiagnosis).

In medical classification systems such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), diagnoses are schematically divided into several categories and thus roughly mapped. The term diagnosis is also used in psychology (see psychological diagnosis). In the nursing department, the nursing diagnosis is a condition or health problem that proves or influences nursing interventions. Differential diagnosis (also referred to as differential diagnosis in the report; abbreviated as DD in the report) is a generic term or medical discovery used to describe any diagnosis that is being considered or considered as alternative explanations for symptoms (signs of a disease) were drawn.

The most important diagnostic methods (finding out the diagnosis) are the memory examination (anamnesis, e.g. by questioning the patient or other people in the vicinity), the physical examination (especially with sensory and simple aids to examine the patient) by examination, palpation, Knocking and auscultation) and taking into account the patient's surroundings. Syringes or medication in emergency situations or near the patient's home can provide important information.

Examples of instrumental diagnosis include laboratory diagnosis (checking blood, urine, etc.), tissue and cell diagnosis using histology or cytology, imaging methods (ultrasound, endoscopy, X-ray, CT, MRI and nuclear medicine imaging), electrical measurements of areas of the body (EKG, EEG, EMG and ENG), functional examination (lung function test, blood vessel and sphincter pressure measurement), reflex examination, arousal and stress test (performance test (ergometer) and glucose tolerance test). Whether the diagnosis is meaningful and effective also depends on the quality of the basic category definitions. Clinical images can be assigned to precisely defined categories (e.g. forearm fractures) on the basis of a number of criteria (history of a fall, pain, failure of the affected arm, discontinuities in the bones). X-ray), so that adequate treatment (such as plaster cast).

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